APB Appraisals has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Define the term "Appraisal"
Define the term "Appraisal" (List of questions)An appraiser performs an estimation that leads to an opinion of value. There are three "common approaches to value" which helps the real estate appraiser arrive at this opinion or estimate. One of the methods is the Cost Approach - which is what it would cost to replace the improvements, less physical deterioration and other factors, then adding the land value. The Sales Comparison Approach involves finding similar houses in the vicinity and discovering the value based on making a comparison of those prior sales to the house being appraised. Generally speaking, the Sales Comparison Approach is the most accurate indicator of market value of a residential property. The third approach is the Income Approach, which is of most importance in appraising income producing properties - it involves estimating what an investor would pay based on the money produced by the property.
What does an appraiser do? (List of questions)An appraiser produces an impartial and well supported opinion of market value, to be used in making real estate transactions. Appraisers reveal the details of their expert findings in appraisal reports.
Why would someone need your services? (List of questions)There are a lot of reasons to purchase an appraisal from APB Appraisals with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Some other reasons for ordering an appraisal include:
How is an appraiser different than a home inspector? (List of questions)Home inspectors do not produce an opinion of value and do not do appraisal reports. The purpose of a home inspection is to evaluate the structure of the property from foundation to attic. For the most part, a home inspection report will evaluate the amenities and the necessities of the house: air conditioning (weather permitting), electrical systems, the condition of the heating system, the plumbing; then the structural capacity of the home such as the attic, visible insulation, walls, floors, ceilings, windows, then the foundation, basement and other visible structures.
What is the difference between an appraisal and a comparative market analysis (CMA)? (List of questions)To be honest, they have nothing in common. The CMA depends on indistinct market trends. Appraisals use comparable sales which are verifiable resources. Also, the appraisal checks other factors like condition, neighborhood and replacement prices. A CMA delivers a "ball park figure." An appraisal delivers a defensible and carefully documented opinion of value.
The credentials of the person behind the report is frankly the biggest difference between a CMA and an appraisal. Real estate agents produce CMA's, and they don't always know the whole market or have specific competence when it comes to home valuation. A certified, Georgia licensed professional who has formed their livelihood on valuing real estate in and around Troup County is behind the appraisal. Further, the appraiser is an independent party, with no vested interest in the property's value, unlike the real estate agent, whose income is tied to the price of the home.
What's in an appraisal report? (List of questions)The main objective of an appraisal report is to provide a value opinion, and depending on the scope of the report, you'll usually see the following:
Once the assignment has been completed, how can I have confidence that the value indicated is valid? (List of questions)In communicating an appraisal report, each appraiser must ensure the following:
Who are an appraiser's customers? (List of questions)Most of the time, appraisers are called upon by mortgage lenders to estimate the value of a house involved in a loan transaction - to make sure the real estate is truly adequate collateral for the loan. Attorneys and CPAs also hire appraisers for divorce and estate settlements.
Where does APB Appraisals get the information used to estimate values in Troup County or other areas? (List of questions)Compiling data is one of the primary things an appraiser engages in. Data can be divided into Specific or General. Specific data is collected from the home itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specific data are documented by the appraiser while on site.
General data is collected from a numerous places. To look up recent sales to be used as "comps", an appraiser will typically use the local Multiple Listing Service. To double-check actual sales prices, we research tax records and other public documents that are usually online nowadays. Flood zone data is available from FEMA data outlets, such as a la mode's InterFlood system.
And last but not least, the appraiser gathers general data from his or her collective knowledge gained from doing assignments for other properties in the same market.
How can a licensed appraiser help me? (List of questions)If you're involved in any kind of financial decision and the value of your home is relevant, you'll want to hire a licensed appraiser. For those selling a home, you'll want to determine a price that gets you the most profit but also ensures you don't have to wait too long for a buyer to show up; an appraisal can help with that. If you're buying, it makes sure you don't overpay. For those settling an estate or divorce, an appraisal from APB Appraisals is the best way to ensure assets are split up fairly. Simply put, a home is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Don't make decisions in the dark with a professional appraisal.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it? (List of questions)PMI is short for for Private Mortgage Insurance. This added plan takes care of the lender in the event a borrower doesn't pay on the loan and the value of the home is less than what is owed on the loan. Once you reach the point where your home's equity plus the amount you've paid is at least 20% of your loan balance, you can have your PMI dropped.
How do I get ready for the appraiser? (List of questions)We begin with an inspection of the home. During this process, we will come to your home and measure it, determine the layout of the rooms inside, confirm all aspects of the home's general condition, and take several photos of your house for inclusion in the report. Is there anything you can do to help? Yes there is! First, be sure the appraiser has easy access to the exterior of the house . Trim any shrubs and move any items that would make it difficult to measure the structure. On the inside, make sure the appraiser can easily access appliances like furnaces and water heaters.
To help speed things along as well as ensure a more accurate report, attempt if possible to have the following items:
Define "Market Value" (List of questions)In real estate appraising, Market Value is commonly defined as:
Once complete, who actually owns the appraisal report? (List of questions)For mortgage transactions, the lender orders the appraisal, either directly or through a third party. Even though it's the buyer that eventually pays for the report, the lender is the intended user. The buyer is certainly entitled to a copy of the appraisal - it's usually bundled with all the other closing documents - but is not entitled to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
The exception to this rule is when a home owner engages an appraiser directly. In these situations, the appraiser may stipulate the purpose of the appraisal; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not stated otherwise, the home owner can use the appraisal for any purpose.
Which home renovations add the most to the price? (List of questions)Like all things real estate, this is dependent on a home's location. For example, adding a central air conditioner in to a home in the South may add significant value, while putting one in a home near the Pacific Northwest might not have much impact.
As a rule, the best ROI from renovating a home comes in the kitchen. One recent study revealed that putting $20,000 into a kitchen remodel would add about $17,500 to the value of the home - or about an 88% return on investment. Bathrooms are right up there with kitchens, yielding 85%. Adding bedrooms and baths can also help the value of your home (when done well) as long as your home doesn't then become overbuilt for your neighborhood in terms of size.